Michael J. Cornelison, DPM, FACFAS
10353 Torre Avenue, Suite C
Cupertino, California 95014
Call us for an appointment: (408) 446-5811

Foot treatment for Calluses and Corns

Calluses and corns on the feet are common problems that often cause a lot of discomfort and pain. Calluses occur when dead skin accumulates at a particular area on the exposed skin to form a thick, protective layer. When your skin gets exposed to friction or an unusual level of pressure on a regular basis, calluses can develop. Corns are similar to calluses that occur due to repeated friction, which causes dead skin cells to accumulate and form a protective layer on the skin. Corns are usually cone-shaped and have a knotted core pointing inward, which can pressurize a nerve, thus causing severe pain.

Since prevention is better than cure, knowing what can trigger these foot problems would help you steer clear of them. People with flat feet, those wearing poorly fitting shoes, and the ones walking on hard surfaces regularly are prone to calluses. People wearing socks, shoes, or stockings that fit around the toes too tightly, or those subjecting their toes to extreme pressure from high-heeled shoes are at a risk of developing corns. People with crooked and deformed toes can also develop corns.

Common methods of removing calluses and corns include soaking the affected area in warm water for 15-20 minutes to soften the hardened tissue, after which the affected region may be scrubbed with a pumice stone. However, it's always wise to check with your health-care professional or podiatrist before opting for any self-treatment method. Some people try to cut off calluses or corns with razor blades or cutting tools. However, you should steer clear of such methods as you may get infected if the cutting tools are non-sterile, or end up cutting too deep, causing injury or excessive bleeding to the foot or toe.

Many foot pain doctors suggest using medicated pads, plasters, and solutions for treating corns and calluses. Most of these treatments usually contain salicylic acid that acts to dissolve the protein (keratin), which is a major element of the thick layer of dead skin that forms the top layer of calluses and corns. However, it's best to take these medicated solutions only after being advised by your podiatrist. Doctors often ask the following people not to use such products:

• Those suffering from diabetes
• Patients who lack proper eyesight or flexibility to use them properly
• Patients suffering from neurological damage or circulation problems, which trigger reduced feeling
  in the feet

Calluses can also be treated with a callus pad or moleskin, which are available in most brick-and-mortar drugstores and online stores like www.ourdoctorstore.com/cornelison and www.footpainreliefproducts.com. Be it U-shaped or oval-shaped callus pads, metatarsal pads, ball of foot cushions, moleskins, or metatarsal arch supports, you can get all these and more at such stores to get relief from pain and discomfort caused by corns and calluses.
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Some foot pain doctors also suggest custom-made insoles (orthotics) as another solution to reduce pressure on the painful calluses. Such products also help in redistributing the abnormal forces triggering the callus, thus offering relief to the patients.

The type of treatment is usually determined after examining the callus or corn, and it may differ from one person to another based on their health, any pre-existing disease that they may be suffering from etc. So, it's advisable to get the condition diagnosed by a podiatrist rather than popping painkillers and using over-the counter medications.

In case you or a loved one has been suffering from calluses or corns, or feel at a risk of developing one, you can contact foot doctors at Cupertino Podiatry for an appointment by dialing 408-446-5811. You may also go online to www.footpainreliefproducts.com or www.ourdoctorstore.com/cornelison to check details of the diseases treated at this foot clinic and the relief treatment as well as products on offer.